||Rule of Thirds
||We start this Landscape Photo Challenge with one of the most used Compositional Techniques and something that works extremely well – the Rule of Thirds. Go out and shoot your favorite scene using the Rule of Thirds as the Primary Compositional Technique.
||Lead your viewer through your scene by using Leading Lines as your Primary Compositional Technique for this week.
||This is a great opportunity to explore panorama stitching and create a wide sweeping landscape. Capture multiple images and stitch together rather than using an ultra-wide angle lens for this challenge.
||Framing your Subject
||Another classic compositional tool is to frame the subject within the frame of the image. Look for natural frames so you can ‘frame’ your subject this week.
||For this week’s challenge, go find a perfect reflection. How can you use Reflection to convey your story?
||Put your telephoto lens to use this week. Instead of shooting a wide sweeping landscape, try to zoom-in on your subject today and eliminate everything else from your frame.
||The goal for this week is to slow down your shutter speed, significantly. Go for an exposure longer than 30 seconds. Time to use the bulb mode on your camera. Try a waterscape or even a busy landmark to see the magic happen.
||Look for a scene with great contrast that will make a great black and white. Use Mr. Ansel Adams as your inspiration for this week.
||The goal for this week is to simplify. Simplify the scene to make your primary subject stand out.
||How do you show movement in a 2D medium? That’s the goal for this week. The goal is to showcase movement in your landscape.
||By cleverly using textures you can bring a tactile dimension to your photographs and make they come alive; become three dimensional. When light hits your subject at interesting angles, all the textures come into play. Experiment with different angles and use texture as this week’s primary compositional technique.
||Sense of Scale
||Bring dimensionality into your photo. One way to achieve this is to include compositional elements that provide a sense of scale in the picture. Use objects of known size so the viewer can make a connection between them and the surrounding environment and get a true sense of scale.
||Rectangles, Circles, Triangles, Polygons, Arches, Parallel & Converging Lines, etc. It doesn’t matter what Geometric shape you use, the goal is to make the geometric shape the primary focus of your photo this week. Can you combine multiple geometric shapes in a photo?
||At least 2 Comp Techniques
||Shoot your favorite scene but use at least 2 Compositional Techniques.
||Often considered one of the hardest compositions to pull off, Symmetry. Challenge yourself this week by shooting a symmetrical landscape.
||The goal for this week is to shoot a scene where you showcase a strong foreground element.
||Left to Right
||There is theory that says we ‘read’ an image from left to right in the same way we would read text. For this reason, it is suggested that any motion portrayed in a photograph should flow from left to right. So try to capture a scene where there is story that goes from left to right.
||The goal this week is to shoot an urbanscape/cityscape.
||Center the Subject
||One of the key composition guidelines is that we not center our subjects unless doing so enhances the subject or benefits the composition. There are many situations, however, when centering your subject is appropriate and necessary. So, for this week’s challenge, put your main subject in the center.
||Horizontal lines tend to indicate a sense of homeostasis (lack of change). Horizontal lines can be used when you want to impart a sentiment of timelessness or lack of change to an image.
||Extreme Subject Placement
||For this week’s challenge, try to place your main subject in what would be considered ‘extreme placement’; far left, far right, top corner, bottom corner; it doesn’t matter. Try extreme placement.
||Balance is the compositional technique of giving each area in a scene equal visual weight. You can achieve balance using color, tone, or juxtaposed subjects. Whatever technique you use, the goal is to show a clear sense of balance.
||Time to get familiar with the color wheel. Search for Photography Color wheel as it’s different. Shoot a scene with complimenting colors.
||Last week you shot a scene with complimenting colors. This week, do the opposite. Shoot a scene with contrasting colors.
||Time to look at the world from a different angle. Shoot a landscape from a low point of view.
||Everything looks different when you are high. Find a high perspective to shoot this landscape. Drone, Helicopter, Tall Building, Hilltop; it doesn’t matter. Get High.
||Fast Shutter Speed
||This week’s challenge is to shoot a scene with a fast shutter speed. At least 1/500 or higher.
||The goal for this week is to get everything in your photo to be super sharp; from the foreground to the middleground to all the way in the background.
||Last week’s goal was Deep or Large DOF. This week try the opposite. Shoot a scene and showcase Shallow DOF.
||Diagonal lines can convey a sense of action or make an image more dynamic. For this week’s challenge, use Diagonal Lines to make your image look more dynamic.
||Although our goal is to capture every shot perfectly, it doesn’t always happen. Cropping can help you get to the right composition even if you didn’t shoot it that way. This week, take a photo of your favorite scene and crop it in different ways to see which crop you like the best.
||Negative space, sometimes referred to as white space, is a concept that’s been used in art, design, architecture, and sculpture for hundreds of years. It’s equally useful in photography, and can be used to turn an average photo into an outstanding one. Put simply, negative space is the area which surrounds the main subject in your photo (the main subject is known as the “positive space”). For this week’s challenge, shoot a scene where you clearly use Negative Space to emphasize the main subject of your photo.
||Photographing from a different viewpoint or camera angle can often add drama and excitement or even bring out an unusual aspect of a subject. This week try changing your viewpoint or camera angle to capture something different.
||Try to capture a scene where the Foreground, Middleground, and Background are clearly separated and showcased.
||Rule of Space
||The rule of space relates to the direction the subject(s) in your photo are facing or moving towards. Shoot something to showcase the Rule of Space. Meaning, give your subject room to move.
||At least 3 Comp Techniques
||Shoot your favorite scene but use at least 3 Compositional Techniques.
||How you shoot a scene determines what kind of story you want to tell and what kind of mood you want viewers to feel when they look at a photo. The power of perspective is beyond the consideration of your photography subjects; it is about the angle of your camera, your proximity to the subjects and what you include in the frame that plays an important role in your final image. For this week’s challenge change your perspective. Shoot the same subject from multiple perspectives; get low, get high, shoot up, shoot down, shoot from the Hip, shoot through another object, frame your subject. Experiment and find a subject that you can shoot from different perspectives. Or, shoot different subjects in different perspectives.
||Jagged & Irregular Lines
||Jagged and irregular lines take us one step further on the continuum of emotion and feeling. While diagonals move us into the area of the dynamic, jagged and irregular lines often impart a sense of unease, tension, or fear to the viewer of the image. Shoot a scene where you showcase Jagged and Irregular lines.
||Juxtaposition is one of those compositional rules that seems tricky at first but once you get the hang of it, it’s pretty easy. Juxtaposition happens when there are two or more elements in a scene that either contrast with each other, or one element contributes towards the other to create an overall theme.
||Contrast & Tone
||Tonal contrast is created when light tones and dark tones lie alongside each other. Images with strong tonal contrast tend to work well in both black and white and color. For this week, shoot a scene with strong tonal contrast. Process in both color & Black & White to see which one you like.
||You have mastered the Rule of Thirds. Now it is time to experiment with a new Compositional Technique; the Golden Triangle. What is it? Well, you’ll have to do a bit of research. But its pretty straight-forward. I promise.
||Figure to Ground
||Another important but often overlooked compositional technique is what’s called ‘Figure to Ground’. Pretty much that means to have a good contrast between your subject and background. That means, have a dark figure against a light background. Or a light subject against a dark background. One way you can create a strong ‘figure-to-ground’ in your photograph is to shoot a silhouette of a subject. Experiment this week and create a strong figure to ground image this week.
||Shoot a landscape that packs as much color as you can find into the scene.
||HDR is the technique of combining several photos of the same scene but shot at different exposures to create an image with a High Dynamic Range. Shoot your favorite scene but bracket your shots and create a HRD image.
||Get inspired by the rhythm that patterns bring to your images.
||The goal for this week is pretty simple. Avoid distractions! Eliminate anything that is not necessary in the image or doesn’t add to your story. Practice the art of subtraction. Keep only things that are absolutely necessary.
||Rule of Odds
||The rule of odds states that images are more visually appealing when there is an odd number of subjects. This week try shooting something where there are odd number of subjects.
||Line, shape, and form are three building blocks to add depth and interest to your photos. The goal is to try to bring the 3rd dimension to your photo. Use sidelight; Use reflection; go close to the subject and use wide angle lens. Regardless of the technique, the goal this week is to show form.
||At least 4 Comp Techniques
||Shoot your favorite scene but use at least 4 Compositional Techniques.
||The Golden Ratio has been used as a powerful composition tool for centuries. The reason for this is simple, the Golden Ratio allows for a composition that is perfectly balanced from a viewer’s perspective, creating a photograph that is most pleasing to the human eye. We naturally prefer to look at an image that is balanced and harmonized, and the Golden Ratio provides this. It’s time for you to use the Golden Ration in your Photography.
||Focus stacking is similar in principle to HDR. However, with focus stacking, images are captured with different focus points, and later combined in Photoshop, to create an image with more DOF than would be possible with a single exposure. For this week’s challenge, experiment with Focus Stacking to create an image where everything (or almost everything) is in sharp focus.
||Break the Rule
||Congrats! Hope you learned a thing or two by participating in this 52 week Landscape Composition Challenge. More importantly, hope you had fun. Now that you know the rules, it’s time to break em’. For your final challenge, break one or more of the ‘rules’ to put your artistic signature. As Ansel Adams said: “There are no rules for good photographs, there are only good photographs.”